Fire Safety Testing

We can proudly say that Spectro has developed fire testing laboratory which is fully equipped with fire testing instruments and the only laboratory in India where we perform test of fire extinguisher, cables, fire doors and many other fire catching goods which needs to be fire tested as per relevant national and international standards like BS 476-22, BS 476 part 20 ASTM E119 and etc.

We can also proudly state that we are the only lab in India which has all these fire testing facility under a single roof to perform these fire testing.

In our lab all fire testing are done by our experienced technician and fire operators who have expertise in fire testing. All our instruments which are used in fire testing are calibrated regularly.

Objective of Fire Resistance Testing

The objective for these new tests is to enhance structural performance so that uncontrolled building fire results in burnout without fractional or complete breakdown. Moreover, these fire measurement technologies would be able to improve the ignition resistant materials, fire growth, and formation of toxic gases, surface flammability that could be life saving and reducing the high cost as well.

Special Fire Testing Facilities

Non Combustibility Testing

This test determines whether or not a material contributes to the fire, subjecting it to a controlled heating and measuring certain parameters such as the initial temperature, maximum and final, the time required to increase the temperature, the total time of combustion of the product (EN ISO 1182) EN ISO 1182, IMO FTPC Part 1, ASTM E 2652.

Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (ASTM E- 84 by Steiner Tunnel)

This test method applies to the exposed surface which includes ceiling or walls, provided that the materials or the whole assembly, with its own structural quality or the aspect in which is tested and intended to use is able to support itself in position or being supported during the period of test. The method is used to determine the corresponding burning behavior of the material by observing the flame spread along the test specimen. Reports are made for the flame spread and smoke density developed and it is not necessarily a relationship between the two measurements.

Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials (ASTM E 119)

This test is applicable to the assemblies of columns, floors, walls, composite assemblies and the masonry units of the structural materials for buildings. It also includes walls, partitions, columns, girders, beams, slabs, floors, roofs, etc. The structural units that constitute permanent integral parts of a finished building are also included. This Test measures and describes the response of materials, assemblies or products to heat and flame under controlled conditions, however it does not incorporate all the factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials under actual fire conditions.

Fire Tests on Safes (IS: 550 Part-3)

This standard (Part 3) lays down the methods of test for assessing the fire resistance capacity of the safes. The tests which are conducted according to these requirements are intended to demonstrate the performance of equipment during the exposure of fire but are not intended to determine the acceptability for using after fire exposure.

Test of Dry Chemical for Fighting Class B & C Fire

The dry powder is composed of basic material of eutectic chlorides, ammonium phosphate, sodium chloride, diammonium phosphate or a mixture of sodium chloride with ammonium phosphate along with the additives to make it water repellant, free flowing and conforming to several requirements mentioned in the standard.

Other Testing Facilities Available
Products Test Standard Test
Doors BS 476: Part 22/ BS EN 1634-1 Fire resistance, Flammability, Fire tests
Building material test Walls/Partitions BS 476: Part 21 & 22/ BS EN 1364-1 & 1365-1, ASTM E 119 Insulation & Integrity test
Surface Burning characteristic Floors and roofs BS 476: Part 21/ BS EN 1365-2 Fire resistance, Flammability, Fire tests
Non load bearing ceilings BS 476: Part 22/ BS EN 1364-2 , ASTM E 84 Flame Spread Index & Smoke Density
Electric Cables BS 50200/ BS 7846/ BS 6387 Fire-resistant materials, Mineral-insulated cables, Insulated cables, Overvoltage tests, Bend testing, Impact testing, Fire tests
Non-combustibility testing BS EN ISO 1182 Reaction to Fire
Calorific potential test BS EN ISO 1716 Determination of the heat of combustion
Single burning item BS EN 13823 Single Burning Item (SBI) test
Small flame ignitability BS EN 11925-2 Single Burning Item (SBI) test
Safes IS: 550 Part-3 Fire Resistance test
Fire Proof Coatings Reaction to fire
Fire Testing Facility
Test Standard
Oxygen Index Test ASTM D2863-13/ISO 4589
ASTM E2652/BS 476 part 4/IS 3808/ASTM E136/ISO 1182 ASTM E2652
Hot Wire Ignition (HWI) Test ASTM D3874-13
Glow Wire Test ASTM D6194
Visibility Due to Smoke Test ASTM E662
Toxicity Test ASTM E1678
Vertical Fire Resistance Test ASTM E119: E814
Dry chemical for fighting class B & C fire IS: 4308-2008
Dry chemical for fighting fire in metals BS EN 13823
Gas cartridges for use in fire extinguisher IS: 4947-2006
Lateral Flame Spread Tester IS: 4947-2006
Vertical Flame Spread Tester ISO 60695-11-10
Smoke Density Test Chamber ISO 5659-2
Cone Calorimeter ISO 5660-1
Room Corner Test (Open Calorimeter) ISO 9705
Spread of Flame Tester BS 476 part 7/IS 12777
Fire Propagation Tester BS 476 part 6
Steiner Tunnel ASTM E84
Fire Resistance Test with Hose Stream ASTM E119/UL 10C/EN 1634-1